Company Registration in Kerala Cochin

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Company Registration - 4.4 out of 5 based on 8 reviews
Limited Liability Partnership Company - 3.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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Limited Liability Partnership

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) firm is a new form of business entity established by an Act of the Parliament. LLP allows members to retain flexibility of ownership (similar to Partnership Firm) but provides a liability protection. The maximum liability of each partner in an LLP is limited to the extent of his/her investment in the firm. An LLP has its owner Permanent Account Number (PAN) and legal status. LLP also provides protection to partners for illegal or unauthorized actions taken by other partners of the LLP. A Private or Public Limited Company as well as Partnership Firms are allowed to be converted into an Limited Liability Partnership.


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Private Limited Company

A Private Limited Company in India is similar to a C-Corporation in the US. Private Limited Company allows owners to subscribe to its shares by paying a share capital fees. On subscribing to shares, the owners/members become shareholders on the company. A Private Limited Company is a separate legal entity both in terms of taxation as well as liability. The personal liability of the shareholders is limited to their share capital. A private limited company can be formed by registering the company name with appropriate Registrar of Companies (ROC). Draft of Memorandum of Association and Article of Association are prepared and signed by the promoters (initial shareholders) of the company. A Private Limited Company can have between 2 to 50 members with minimum share capital of Rs 1,00,000 (one lac). To look after the day to day activities of the company, Directors are appointed by the Shareholders. Minimum two Directors must be appointed to look after the daily affairs of the company. A Private Limited Company has more compliance burden when compared to a Partnership and LLP. For example, the Board of Directors must meet every quarter and at least one annual general meeting of Shareholders and Directors must be called. Accounts of the company must be prepared in accordance with Income Tax Act as well as Companies Act. Also Companies are taxed twice if profits are to be distributed to Shareholders. Closing a Private Limited Company is a tedious process and requires many months.

One the positive side, Shareholders of a Private Limited Company can change without affecting the operational or legal standing of the company. Generally Venture Capital investors prefer to invest in businesses that are Private Limited Company since it allows great degree of separation between ownership and operations. It also allows investors to exit the company by selling shares without being liable for company affairs.

Public Limited Company - 3.0 out of 5 based on 2 reviews

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Public Limited Company

Public Limited Company is similar to Private Limited Company with the difference being that number of shareholders of a Public Limited Company can be unlimited with a minimum seven members. It is generally very difficult to establish a public limited company. A Public Limited Company can be either listed in a stock exchange or remain unlisted. A Listed Public Limited Company allows shareholders of the company to trade its shares freely on the stock exchange. A Public Limited Company requires more public disclosures and compliance from the government as well as market regular SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) including appointment of independent directors on the board, public disclosure of books of accounts, cap of salaries of Directors and CEO. Like a Private Limited Company, a Public Limited Company is also an independent legal person, its existence is not affected by the death, retirement or insolvency of any of its shareholders.